Ambazonia fighters: Lebialem Red Dragons asked to withdraw as military presence triples
Ambazonia fighters. Ambazonia crisis, Ambazonia government, Anglophone separatists, Paul Biya
After the killing of the most wanted guerrilla Ambazonia fighter General Ivo on December 24th by the Cameroon military, the Ambazonia Interim government has purportedly reported that Field Marshal who is commander of one of the most dangerous separatist fighting groups the Red Dragons is the next target
As the Anglophone crisis draws to a 3years struggle the president of Cameroon Paul Biya intentionally ignores calls for a sincere dialogue to address the root causes of the revolution.
Instead the president has maintained military options to end the persisting revolution as defense forces are being increasingly deployed in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon which is now referred to as Ambozonia by separatists.
In a live video the “Ambazonia” communication secretary Chris Anu reveals that more troops have been stationed in Lebialem South West region of Cameroon to capture Field Marshal ( Munang.net cannot independently verify this)
“The battle of their life is in Lebialem right now…and their assignment is to get Lebialem, and Field Marshal to fall…as I speak to you there are over 3000 La Republique soldiers in Lebialem including snipers, drones and military helicopters” says Chris Anu
In the video, Chris Anu calls on all fighting groups to reinforce the battle in order to circumvent president Biya’s suspected declaration of a win in the ongoing war in his New Year speech.
Nonetheless, supporters of the Anglophone revolution are instead calling on the Red Dragons and Field Marshal to Tactically Withdraw from Lebialem now.
However, since I’m not an activist I won’t go into the polemics of revolutionary agenda setting. As the leading socio-political blogger in Cameroon I am going to analyze what is tactical withdrawal and how does it relate to military retreat?
In April 26, 2018 the Cameroonian military after suffering from deadly attacks from Amba Boys (as the separatists fighters have been christened) withdrew from the North-Western town of Belo. This in war parlance was what they call military retreat.
What is military retreat?
According to a war expert site Axis Allies, Military retreat refers to the withdrawal of forces back from a battleground while maintaining contact with the enemy.
Read also: Conflicts in Africa, South Sudan vs Cameroon
A military retreat may be opted by an army Captain or General in order to consolidate forces (re-strategize) or to lure the enemy into ambush.
The disadvantage of a military retreat is that
- It requires absolute discipline on the part of the retreating forces and great coordination to avoid disorganization which is always very common
- It may cause serious damage on the morale of the military.
Types of military retreats
There are four main types of military retreats according to Axis Allies
- Tactical Withdrawal
A tactical withdrawal is the most desirable form of retreating. It is a planned retreat to improve upon current battle conditions; or to gain a tactical advantage. Most commonly used to “buy time” for reinforcements to arrive, lure the enemy into an ambush (Feint), or to relocate the battle to advantageous terrain
Disengagement involves retreating forces back, while maintaining contact with the enemy. One perfect example would be the Center Peel
The breakout is an emergency retreat to avoid or escape from an enemy encirclement keeping in mind that circumstances may dictate the necessity to sacrifice some of your forces, to save the majority.
A rout is a chaotic and disorderly retreat of forces from the battlefield, which usually occurs when troops are asked to do too much, are outnumbered, or have been flanked and/or encircled. When a regiment routs, it is as likely to run deeper into trouble; than it is toward safety.
From the above explanations it could be deduced that guerrilla fighters like that of the Ambazonia fighters make use of the type of military retreat known as Tactical Withdrawal. Since their mode of operation is hit and run, they will usually run away from an encircled area by the enemy to come back When the area has been cleared.